Ramie is used to make such products as industrial sewing thread, packing materials, fishing nets, and filter cloths. The leaves give the cake its distinct color, flavor and fragrance. Since then, production has steadily declined as a result of competition from alternative crops, such as soybeans and synthetic fibers. Not unlike linen, ramie has a natural ability to resist stains with ease of soil or stain removal. The leaves are astringent and resolvent. Uses. In ramie. Textiles (9th ed.). Ramie manufacture. This enables the cortex to be stripped from the plant in situ and enables the core to be broken. [3], The fiber extraction occurs in three stages. Next, the cortex goes through a scraping so that most of the outer bark gets removed. It also has the same microscopic appearance and density as linen. Despite its strength, ramie has had limited acceptance for textile use. This would do great damage to tensile properties of fiber, for the hydrogen bonds among carboxyl groups and aldehydes groups were much weaker than the ones among hydroxyl groups. The Ramie plant is also known as China grass and is covered in short, white hairs, like nettle plants are. Ramie fiber is known especially for its ability to hold shape, reduce wrinkling, and introduce a silky lustre to the fabric appearance. It is a herbaceous perennial growing to 1.0–2.5 m (3 ft 3 in–8 ft 2 in) tall; the leaves are heart-shaped, 7–15 cm (2.8–5.9 in) long and 6–12 cm (2.4–4.7 in) broad, and white on the underside with dense, small hairs—this gives it a silvery appearance; unlike stinging nettles, the hairs do not sting. It is the bast of the stem that produces the Ramie fibres. When ramie fiber was extracted by oxidation degumming, large amount of hydroxyl groups were converted to carboxyl groups and aldehydes groups. "Ramie" . Ramie ribbon is used in fine bookbinding as a substitute for traditional linen tape. Long slender primary fibers on the outer portion of the stalk characterize bast fiber plants. In order to increase ramie fiber content in composite, vacuum pressure compaction and hot compaction with high pressure and temperature were, respectively, used to compress the fabric stack before molding. Ramie is a fiber made from a plant of the same name – a member of the nettle family. A second type, known as green ramie or rhea, is believed to have originated in the Malay Peninsula[citation needed]. This way, you will know what to mix with other fabrics to garner maximum properties for the textile blend. Fiber spinning is hard by its low elasticity and brittle quality. Finally, they wash the residual cortex material, dry this and then extract the spinnable fiber after it is de-gummed. Ramie can withstand high-temperature laundering. Ramie is brittle and stiff due to its high molecular crystalline properties. The leaves are heart-shaped with white, hairy underside. First, the bark or cortex is removed. Because of the trend toward natural fibers, expect to see ramie become even more popular. Ramie definition is - an Asian perennial plant (Boehmeria nivea) of the nettle family. Ramie definition is - an Asian perennial plant (Boehmeria nivea) of the nettle family. }, false ); Facts You Should Know About Dyeing Leather, Phone:Office: 602-424-9990Toll-Free: 800-274-4393Fax: 602-424-2999. 10.1002/(SICI)1439-2054(20000301)276:1<1::AID-MAME1>3.0.CO;2-W, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ramie&oldid=991916164, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2015, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 December 2020, at 14:21. Ramie is a premium plant fibre with several useful characteristics and improvements in processing methods may well result in ramie becoming a … [3], Ramie has been grown in China for many centuries, and farmers in ancient China are known to have used the fiber to weave clothing. The above tooltip code may be used when posting comments in the Eorzea Database, creating blog entries, or accessing the Event & Party Recruitment page. (1911). The yarn’s hairy surface is complicated. Ramie does not shrink and keeps its shape. Interest in ramie is being rekindled and is appearing more often in the fiber content of clothing and textiles. Strong, absorbent yarn spun from ramie. In Vietnam, ramie leaves are called "cây lá gai," which is a main ingredient in making "bánh gai" or "bánh ít lá gai," a Vietnamese glutinous rice cake. Ramie is used to make such products as industrial sewing thread, packing materials, fishing nets, and filter cloths. [3], The dry weight of harvested stem from crops ranges from 3.4 to 4.5 t/ha/year. Ramie, Boehmeria nivea, is an erect, herbaceous, perennial, flowering plant up to 1 -3 m tall with thick storage roots. The Malay word ‘rami’ is where the word ‘ramie’ comes from. SEO Optimization by Scottsdale SEO Firm OptimizeX. Ramie Uses. First, the cortex (bark) is removed; this can be done manually or by machine. It is a perennial shrub of the urticacease family yielding fibre from the bark of the canes which provides excellent raw material for blending with the natural and synthetic fibres. Ramie is also used as an ornamental plant in eastern Asia. [3] Unlike other bast crops, ramie requires chemical processing to de-gum the fiber. It is similar to linen in absorbency, density, and microscopic appearance. The true ramie or China grass is also called Chinese plant or white ramie. [1], Ramie is one of the strongest natural fibers. This enables the core to be broken and the cortex can be stripped from the plant in situ. It is harvested and processed to yield strong fibers of the same name, which are used in the production of textiles, twine, upholstery, filters, and sacking.Like flax, jute, and hemp, ramie is considered a bast fiber crop, meaning that the usable portion of the plant is found in its connective tissue structures. A 4.5-ton crop yields 1,600 kg/ha/year of dry undegummed fiber. Other uses include gas mantles for lanterns, ropes, nets, fire hoses, table linens, filter cloth, upholstery, straw hats, and sewing thread. Ramie’s greater use depends on there being improved methods of production or processing. Ramie (pronounced: /ˈreɪmi/, RAY-mee; from Malay rami) is a flowering plant in the nettle family Urticaceae, native to eastern Asia. Names of Boehmeria Nivea in various languages of the world are also given. Natural fibre, such as cotton fibre is free of impurities but only when no harmful pesticides or insecticides are used in its cultivation. Ramie fibre, also known as China grass, and ramie fabric, variously known as grass linen, grass cloth, or China linen, have been exported from East Asia to the Western… Required fields are marked *, State:---AlaskaAlabamaArkansasAmerican SamoaArizonaCaliforniaColoradoConnecticutDelawareFloridaGeorgiaHawaiiIowaIdahoIllinoisIndianaKansasKentuckyLouisianaMassachusettsMarylandMaineMichiganMinnesotaMissouriMississippiMontanaNorth CarolinaNorth DakotaNebraskaNew HampshireNew JerseyNew MexicoNevadaNew YorkOhioOklahomaOregonPennsylvaniaRhode IslandSouth CarolinaTennesseeTexasUtahVirginiaVermontWashingtonWisconsinWest VirginiaWyoming, Best Time to Call---9 - NoonNoon - 2pm2pm - 5pmAfter Hours, How did you hear about us?---GoogleYahooMSNPostcardLetterRadioTVFriendCompany RepWeb ArticleNewspaper AdOthers. Ramie has been used since pre-historic times in China, India and Indonesia, having been cultivated for over 5 thousand years, which makes it an older crop than cotton in many places. English. Kadolph SJ, Langford AL. It exhibits even greater strength when wet. The yarn’s hairy surface is complicated. From crops, harvested stems’ dried weight ranges from three to four-and-a-half yearly. Ramie fibers are naturally white, which reduces the need for bleaching, but in order to be used in textiles, they require extensive processing, including de-gumming. Ramie’s waste and short fibers are used to manufacture paper. The plural of ramus, literally a branch, as of a plant, nerve, or blood vessel: . document.addEventListener( 'wpcf7mailsent', function( event ) { Other producers include Japan, Taiwan, the Philippines, and Brazil. All these steps are sometimes necessary to separate the resins or adhesive gum to the raw fiber which unsheathes it. Ramie fibers were used for burial shrouds in ancient Egypt and ancient China. The effects of precompaction process on fiber compaction and mechanical properties of ramie fiber yarns and composites were studied. Also, if you want to add an interesting twist to your ramie garments, go ahead and dye them in a range of colors from a great source of textile and fabric dyes. The rate of positive reactions to ramie in intradermal tests was 11.7% among adult asthmatic patients in the Nagasaki area. When washed, the smooth luster and appearance improve. Abstract—Ramie is recognized as the strongest of all natural bast fibres in the world which is known as riha in Assam. One of the oldest crops ever used for fiber, Ramie has been around for a minimum of 6,000 years. In the twenty-first century, ramie, either in blends or alone, is used for a wide range of clothing: dresses, suits, sportswear, and underwear. Compared to other fibers, it is not as durable. The leaves are astringent and resolvent. Mainly, it is used for the production of fiber. It is low in elongation potential and elasticity. Care of Ramie Textiles 13,19,20 However, in addition to the problem of durability … [1] The word "ramie" is derived from the Malay word rami.[2]. Ramie (Boehmeria niveau) is made of natural fibers and is an everlasting kind of the Nettle family. All Rights Reserved. Care of Ramie Textiles Mild acids don’t harm ramie and it is fairly easy to dye. Ramie was used to produce an open-weave fabric called mechera, used for shirts and dressing gowns suitable for warm climates. Uses of Ramie. Chisholm, Hugh, ed. Copyright @ 2020 KeyColour. Powered by Phoenix Web Design Firm PrimeView. advantages of ramie as a fabric resistant to bacteria, mildew, alkalis, rotting, light and insect attacks extremely absorbent and therefore comfortable to wear, especially during warm weather Ramie fabric was used in ancient Egypt and was known in Europe during the Middle Ages. Rhea or green ramie is a second type of ramie and is thought to have come from the Malay Peninsula. Used to prevent miscarriages and promote the drainage of pus. Ramie fabric is used for apparel including suits, skirts, jackets, dresses, shirts, blouses, pants and handkerchiefs. Ramie is one of the oldest fiber crops, having been used for at least 6,000 years, and is principally used for fabric production.It is a bast fiber, and the fiber used for textiles comes from the inner bark of the vegetative stalks and not the woody stem or outer bark.Ramie is normally harvested two to three times a year, but under good growing conditions can be harvested up to six times per year. How Boehmeria Nivea is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Mahe Drysdale used sculling oars made with ramie during the 2018 Rio Olympics where he won Gold in the Men's 1X Scull. The weight loss during degumming can be up to 25%, giving a yield of degummed fiber of about 1,200 kg/ha/year. • Ramie Pollen Induced Asthma: Ramie has been established to be a cause of asthma. It is a herbaceous perennial growing to 1.0–2.5 m (3 ft 3 in–8 ft 2 in) tall;[1] the leaves are heart-shaped, 7–15 cm (2.8–5.9 in) long and 6–12 cm (2.4–4.7 in) broad, and white on the underside with dense, small hairs—this gives it a silvery appearance; unlike stinging nettles, the hairs do not sting. Uses of Ramie Ramie is used for creating products like filter cloths, fishing nets, packing materials and sewing thread. It does not dye as well as cotton. Then, the bark ribbon is dried as quickly as possible. Uses of Ramie. When used, a tooltip* will be displayed in your comment. Because of its high molecular crystallinity, ramie is stiff and brittle and will break if folded repeatedly in the same place; it lacks resiliency and is low in elasticity and elongation potential. The French painter Raoul Dufy designed in the early 20th century patterns for prints on mechera used by the French shirtmaker Charvet. Fiber spinning is hard by its low elasticity and brittle quality. The true ramie or China grass is also called Chinese plant or white ramie. The Eorzea Database Stalk of Ramie page. This type has leaves that are smaller with an underside that is green. There are heart-shaped leaves and small hairs on the underside. Clothing can also be made or ramie. It was used in mummy cloths in Egypt during the period 5000 - 3000 BC, and has been grown in China for many centuries. China leads in the production of ramie and exports mainly to Japan and Europe. and is used in many textile products. Ramie fibers are naturally white, which reduces the need for bleaching, but in order to be used in textiles, they require extensive processing, including de-gumming. Fiber extraction happens in 3 different stages. It is a perennial herb and grows up to two and a half meters tall. Ramie (Zhu Ma, 苎麻) is a flowering plant in the nettle family Urticaceae, native to eastern Asia. 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